Infertility treatment plans are based on the origin or the many causes of infertility. It also depends on just how far you want to take the treatment. This is a very emotional time and can be financially stressful as well. You should consider all the alternatives and discuss and end point. Insurance will cover some of the cost but not all and then there are possible surgery and IVF treatments to consider. So, try and set the emotions a side and at least come up with a preliminary plan. You can always make adjustments to the plan along the way.
Low-tech and natural forms of treatments are being used widely all over the world. Natural remedies such as vitamins to help promote ovulation or increase semen, acupuncture is being used for males and females and treatments as simple as eliminating lifestyle issues that may be creating infertility issues.
Then there are the traditional fertility specialist forms of treatment such as medications and surgery that make up more than 85% of the treatments for couples dealing with infertility. This does not mean that all of these couples require medication or surgery this is just the method that they chose to improve fertility for them. However, 3% of infertile couples will resort to using Assisted Reproductive Technologies such as IVF. Couples that begin treatment for infertility are likely to improve their health condition and more than two-thirds of these couples are also likely to have a child.
PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome is a complex condition that has a direct impact on the ovaries. This condition is considered complex due to the fact that there are some very particular appearances of the ovaries that give the condition its name, but these traits do not have to be present for a woman to be suffering from PCOS. Specifically, PCOS can impact the woman’s ability to become pregnant.
PCOS is a common cause for anovulation, a condition in which a woman’s body does not release eggs at all or on a regular basis causing irregular periods and difficulty conceiving. Polycystic ovarian syndrome is very common, affecting ten percent of all women between the ages of 15 and 50 making them infertile. For the population at large, PCOS affects twenty five percent of all women.
While PCOS makes getting pregnant difficult, there are a number of very good treatment options available. A rather newer treatment option that has been shown to be very effective is metformin. Metformin is a medication that typically has been used to treat and control diabetes. Metformin is effective in treating PCOS on its own, but not 100 percent of the time.
What is PCOS?
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the main causes of infertility in women, and is believed to affect approximately 5% of the female population. It is in fact the most common hormonal disorder (hormone infertility) among women of a reproductive age. PCOS is associated with increased levels of insulin in the blood. Insulin regulates blood glucose levels, and is produced by specialized cells within the pancreas. When blood glucose levels rise (eg. after eating), these cells produce insulin to help the body use glucose for energy.
If glucose levels do not respond to normal levels of insulin, the pancreas produces more insulin. An over-production of insulin leads the body to respond by producing high levels of male hormones, or androgens. The elevated androgen levels can sometimes cause excessive facial hair growth, acne, and/or male-pattern hair thinning. There is unfortunately no single test for diagnosing PCOS. It will be diagnosed using blood tests, and checking for all the common symptoms. PCOS can also lead to irregular menstrual periods. If blood glucose levels continue to rise despite increased insulin levels, the person could develop Type 2 diabetes.
Many women have abnormal or irregular periods. If infertility becomes an issue, then these irregular periods may be a sign that you are not ovulating normally. If you are not ovulating at all, it is referred to as anovulation.
Many things can affect your ovulation ability. Certain diseases such as diabetes and liver disease can stop you from ovulating. There are also a number of glandular disorders that can halt ovulation. There may be adhesions or other complications with the ovaries themselves. Whatever the reason, it is important to work closely with an infertility specialist to rule out certain disorders before continuing with hormonal treatments for anovulation.
Fertility drugs such as clomid are fairly effective in stimulating ovulation. The purpose of fertility drugs like clomid is to block the effects of estrogen in the body. When estrogen is blocked, it simulates the natural drop in estrogen that should be occurring, but may not be, in your body. When estrogen drops, your body produces luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH). These hormones stimulate the ovaries into ovulating.
Making a baby isn’t always easy. Even if neither of you have fertility problems, you have only a 25% chance of falling pregnant each cycle.
Many doctors will not consider a couple has a fertility problem until they have been trying for a baby for at least one year. But one in every seven couples needs some kind of medical help to conceive.
Causes of infertility
Some causes of male infertility are sometimes correctable. A varicocele may be surgically repaired to improve fertility. Treatment with antibiotics of a chronic infection can enable a previously infertile man to become fertile. In some situations where substance abuse is a contributing factor, it may be essential for the male to abstain entirely from alcohol and/or other drugs and to join self-help groups in order to do so. Re-evaluation of medications prescribed to treat a chronic illness may produce positive results. A careful study of the man’s exposure to occupational hazards such as radiation, lead, or dangerous pesticides may indicate a possible solution through change in employment.
In other cases, administration of various hormones can increase a borderline sperm count or suppress sperm antibodies enough to make conception possible. These hormones include testosterone, thyroid hormone and cortisone. In some situations clomiphene citrate (Clomid) or human menopausal gonadotropins (Pergonal), medications that are used to induce ovulation in infertile women, may also be given to a man whose pituitary deficiency is the cause of his inability to father an offspring. In vitro fertilization, originally used more for female infertility, is being used increasingly for the treatment of male infertility.
What is being described as a revolution in treating infertile men originated in Belgium in 1993, when researchers produced several successful pregnancies by the direct injection of a single sperm cell into a human egg in a Petri dish. The important discovery was that men who had no viable sperm in their semen often had at least a small number in their testes. The problem was that getting the sperm out of the testicles required a very expensive operation and an extended hospital stay.
Facing a hard time to get pregnant? If so, then it’s crucial to know the fact that most fertility problems don’t have anything to do with women. In fact, research shows that 40 percent of fertility problems arise due to male fertility, 40 percent due to female infertility and 20 percent due to both. In certain cases where a man shows low sperm motility, the woman needs to take the fertility drugs to get pregnant. Use of drugs to help you get pregnant is common these days. These medications help to create an ambiance inside the reproductive system of the woman that is quite friendlier to the sperm.
It is quite depressing for a couple to face problems related to pregnancy, especially if they have tried several times to conceive a child. The good news is that advancement in the field of medicine in the last few years has been helping women to get pregnant successfully. Today, most women who have had problems with infertility years after marriage can find that they are able to get pregnant with the help of the fertility drugs.
Given below is the list of drugs to help you get pregnant: